25/05/2020

Poland - Country Profile

Categories: News

Tags: Poland


Country Outline

  • GDP: 496,462 mil. euros (Eurostat 2018)
  • GDP per Capita: 12,900 euros (Eurostat 2018)
  • Areas of marked S&T specialisations: Maths, Physics, IT, Astronomy, Quantum Electronics, Life Sciences, Biotechnology, Food, Agriculture and fisheries, Energy, Environment, Security, ICT, Materials

Contact Information

  • Organisation: National Centre for Research and Development (NCBR)
  • Name / Position: Mr Cezary Błaszczyk / Deputy Director, Department for International Cooperation, NCBR
  • Phone no. / e-mail: (+48) 22 390 72 54 / cezary.blaszczyk@ncbr.gov.pl 

Poland has a large population of young skilled researchers and one of the highest scholarisation indexes in Europe (51%). Poland has consistently devoted more resources to science and supporting R&D. Since 2008, Poland’s R&D expenses have more than doubled.

The Innovation Union Scoreboard 2018 classified Poland as a moderate innovator – 25th place out of 28. In 2016, the total budget for research accounted for 0.97 % GDP. The aim is to reach 2% GDP in 2020. One of the most important instruments that address innovation in Poland is the Operational Programme Smart Growth, with a budget of almost USD 7 bn available in 2014-2020.

According to the most recent (March 2019) data provided by Poland’s Central Statistical Office, the country’s GERD in 2017 amounted to USD 5,37 bn, which means a 14% increase compared to 2016. In the last five years an increase of 42,7% of the expenditures has been recorded.

In 2017 R&D intensity (that is the share of gross domestic expenditures on R&D in relation to GDP) amounted to 1,03% and was lower by 1.04 pp in comparison with R&D intensity for the whole European Union. R&D intensity in Business enterprise sector (BERD/PKB) amounted to 0.67%, in Higher education sector (HERD/PKB) – 0.34%, whereas in the Government and the Private non-profit sectors jointly ((GOVERD & PNPRD)/PKB) – 0.03%.

As the results of the Global Innovation Index 2017 show, in the period 2008-2015 Poland occupied the first place in terms of growth of private sector R&D expenses (BERD). In the same period, Poland was third only to China and Slovakia in terms of GERD growth.

The year 2016 saw a record increase in the private sector’s R&D spending. Businesses allocated almost USD 2,77 bn on R&D, an 26% increase compared to 2014. The private sector’s expenses now account for 53,1% of Poland’s total R&D expenditure, compared with 46.6 in 2014 and 43.6% in 2013.

Poland is heavily supported by structural and cohesion funding, whose majority was first spent on infrastructure and increasing people’s qualifications. The current drive is to make use of that infrastructure and qualified personnel to conduct world-class R&D. There are opportunities for the RoK to become a supplier of services, provider of training and manager of large R&D projects.

Looking at research collaboration, Poland offers excellence in the areas of energy, maths, physics, IT, astronomy, life sciences, quantum electronics and electromobility. This is perhaps where strategic bilateral collaboration could be fostered under the Horizon 2020 funding programme (more information on this and other programmes on offer can be found on the following pages).

1. Policies and Strategies in Science, Technology and Innovation

Source: Warsaw Business Journal

In February 2016, Poland’s government issued a long-term economic development plan for the country. The programme is based on five pillars: reindustrialisation, the development of innovative companies, foreign expansion, sustainable social and regional development as well as increased savings.

The author of the concept, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki (hence “the Morawiecki Plan”) identified five challenges that Poland faces. These are they: the middle-income trap, lack of balance between Polish and foreign capital, the lack of innovative products, the demographic trap and the weak institutions trap.

In order to overcome the challenges, the government singled out strategic economy sectors which will be supported by the state. R&D spending is set to reach 2% GDP, compared to 0.97% at present. Under the plan, USD 250 billion will be spent on investments in the coming years. The sum is to come from EU funds, Polish companies’ savings and state-owned companies. Up to USD 20 billion will be delivered in development programmes carried out in co-operation with international institutions, such as the European Bank for Development and Reconstruction, and the World Bank.

One of the key elements of the plan was the establishment of the Polish Development Fund which operates within the new architecture of Polish development institutions and implements programmes enhancing the long-term investment and economic potential and supporting equal opportunities and environmental protection as a result of a merger of existing institutions, including the Export Credit Insurance Corporation (KUKE), development bank BGK, the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP), the Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency (PAIiIZ), Industrial Development Agency (ARP) and Polish Investments for Development (PIR).

Welcomed by the European Commission, the plan sets ambitious aims. It envisages that by 2020, Poland’s GDP will stand at 79% of the EU average, the level of investment will reach 25% GDP, the number of SMEs will grow to 22,000 while Poland’s outward FDIs will increase by 70%.

Hot STI issues

  • Bridging the gap between Poland and more developed countries
  • Innovating to contribute to structural adjustment and a new approach to growth
  • Improving the design and implementation of the STI policy
  • Reforming and improving public research (including tertiary education research)
  • Strengthening public R&D capacity and infrastructure
  • Business innovation, entrepreneurship and SMEs

Key figures

2. National STI Programmes and Initiatives

International Cooperation Programmes/Initiatives

Programme Title Contents
Smart Growth

(EU international programme)

www.ncbr.gov.pl/en 

  •    Cooperation Type: Joint Research Consortium with a Polish company – SME or micro-sized enterprise
  •    Funding Organisation: EU
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: 2014-2020
  •    Participation Qualification: Depends on the competition under the Programme
  •    Project Duration: Depends on the competition under the Programme
  •    Funding Scale and Funding Scheme: Approx. USD 6.8 billion
  •    Research Fields: R&D on technologies and products to develop the companies’ activities and to strengthen their competitive edge
  •    Matching fund from Korean government: N
POWER (EU

international programme)

www.ncbr.gov.pl/en 

  •    Cooperation Type: Jointly with a Polish university
  •    Funding Organisation: EU
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: 2014-2020
  •    Participation Qualification: Depends on the competition under the Programme http://www.ncbr.gov.pl/en/news/art,4036,more-than-pln-890-million-foruniversities.html
  •    Project Duration: 5 years
  •    Funding Scale and Funding Scheme: USD 232 million for 7 competitions in 2016
  •    Research Fields: Boosting students’ entrepreneurship as well as interpersonal and analytical competencies
  •    Matching fund from Korean government: N
GameINN

(for less developed Polish regions only)

www.ncbr.gov.pl/en

  •    Cooperation Type: Joint Research Consortium with a Polish company/university/research unit
  •    Funding Organisation: National Centre for Research and Development
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: Q1/Q2 2019
  •    Participation Qualification: Please contact gameinn@ncbr.gov.pl
  •    Project Duration: TBC
  •    Funding Scale and Funding Scheme: Approx. USD 26 million
  •    Research Fields: Video & computer games
  •    Matching fund from Korean government: N
INNOSTAL

(for less developed Polish regions only)

www.ncbr.gov.pl/en 

  •    Cooperation Type: Joint Research Consortium with a Polish company/university/research unit
  •    Funding Organisation: National Centre for Research and Development
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: Q1/Q3 2019
  •    Participation Qualification: Please contact innostal@ncbr.gov.pl
  •    Project Duration: TBC
  •    Funding Scale and Funding Scheme: Approx.USD 50 million
  •    Research Fields: New and improved steel products and their production technologies, new and improved feed materials and alloys for metallurgical production, optimization of energy consumption, feedstock, media, tools and metallurgical equipment, innovative systems and technologies reducing harmful emissions to the environment, innovative solutions to modernise and support technological processes in metallurgy
  •    Matching fund from Korean government: N
INNOSHIP

(for less developed Polish regions only)

www.ncbr.gov.pl/en

  •    Cooperation Type: Joint Research Consortium with a Polish company/university/research unit
  •    Funding Organisation: National Centre for Research and Development
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: Q2/Q3 2019
  •    Participation Qualification: Please contact innoship@ncbr.gov.pl
  •    Project Duration: TBC
  •    Funding Scale and Funding Scheme: Approx. USD 52 million
  •    Research Fields: Pilot and demo lines, prototypes – new products, services and technologies, schemes, discoveries and IT systems, new and improved products and their production technologies, innovative solutions to modernise and support technological processes in ship industry
  •    Matching fund from Korean government: N
Fast track for micro

and large enterprises

as well as SMEs

www.ncbr.gov.pl/en 

  •    Cooperation Type: Joint Research Consortium with a Polish company/university/research unit
  •    Funding Organisation: National Centre for Research and Development
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: Q2/Q3 2019
  •    Participation Qualification: Please contact innoship@ncbr.gov.pl
  •    Project Duration: TBC
  •    Funding Scale and Funding Scheme: Approx. USD 52 million
  •    Research Fields: Pilot and demo lines, prototypes – new products, services and technologies, schemes, discoveries and IT systems, new and improved products and their production technologies, innovative solutions to modernise and support technological processes in ship industry
  •    Matching fund from Korean government: N
Fast track for micro

and large enterprises as well as SMEs

www.ncbr.gov.pl/en

  •    Cooperation Type: Joint Research Consortium with a Polish company– business participation is required
  •    Funding Organisation: National Centre for Research and Development
  •    Call Opening/Closing Date: Q1/Q3-Q4 2019 – micro- and SMEs as well as large enterprises
  •    Participation Qualification: Please contact konkurs1.1.1@ncbr.gov.pl
  •    Project Duration: TBC
  •    Funding Scale and Funding Scheme: Approx. USD 587 million for micro and SMEs as well as large enterprises
  •    Research Fields: Random
  •    Matching fund from Korean government: N

 

3. Joint Activities with Korea

Activities with the RoK in 2019-2020

Programme Title Contents
V4 - Korea Research Programme

V4-Korea Joint Research Program - V4-Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia and RoK was established. It envisages joint V4-RoK research projects with the first call dedicated to advanced materials technologies and materials engineering. It was launched in November 2016 and closed on 22 February 2017. 5 projects were recommended for funding and will be carried out until 2020-2021.

 

4. Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Partners

War Studies University
  •    Organisation type: University
  •    Major Research Area: Security & Defence
  •    Major Activities with Korea: Bilateral agreement on co-operation with Korea National Defense University
  •    Future Plans: N/A
  •    Contact Information: Mr Jerzy Pietras
  • Tel. (+48) 22 681 36 51
  • e-mail: j.pietras@akademia.mil.pl 
Samsung R&D Institute, Poland
  •    Organisation type: Research Unit
  •    Major Research Areas: Digital television, platform convergence, mobile systems, smart solutions and enterprise solutions
  •    Major Activities with Korea: Self-evident
  •    Future Plans: N/A
  •    Contact Information: Tel: (+48) 22 377 80 01
  • e-mail: office.rd@samsung.com 
University of Wrocław
  •    Organisation type: University
  •    Major Research Area: Various
  •    Major Activities with Korea: Bilateral agreement on student exchanges with Yeungnam University, Pusan National University and Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
  •    Future Plans: N/A
  •    Contact Information: Ms. Joanna Skotnicka
  • e-mail: joanna.skotnicka@uwr.edu.pl
  • Tel. +48 71 375 27 03
Jagiellonian University, Cracow
  •    Organisation type: University
  •    Major Research Area: Various
  •    Major Activities with Korea: Bilateral agreement on student exchanges with Keimyung University
  •    Future Plans: N/A
  •    Contact Information: Ms. Adriana Hołub-Palonka e-mail: adriana.holub-palonka@uj.edu.pl Tel. +48 12 663 30 15
Poznań University of Economics and Business
  •    Organisation type: University
  •    Major Research Area: Business and economics
  •    Major Activities with Korea: Student exchange with Chonnam National University
  •    Future Plans: N/A
  •    Contact Information: Ms Cha Eunhui, Coordinator for European/African Region Exchange Program, Office of International Affairs, Chonnam National Universitye-mail: Chacha1052@jnu.ac.kr 

Edited and published by the Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Korea: https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/japan/68361/new-publication-2019-science-technology-and-innovation-europe_en